Monday, May 25, 2020

Gender History Women And Women - 1602 Words

Gender history focuses on the fundamental idea of what it means to be defined as a man or woman in history. Gender historians are concerned with the different changes that occur within a society, during a particular period of time in regards to the perceived differences between women and men. Also, they are concerned with the impact of gender on various historically important events. Gender history developed because traditional historiography excluded women from ‘universal’ and ‘general’ history. Feminism was one of the leading that attributes lead to the development of gender history. The fundamental basis of feminism is that women should have the same rights as men and should be considered equal, thus prompting feminist scholars to want to uncover the untold stories of women in the past as well as record the omission of women in from historical record. Gender history developed rapidly in The United States and by mid 1970s, women scholars were gaining in stitutional support for their work in uncovering untold stories of women in history. However, in Britain, women scholars did not garner enough institutional support in the 1970s compared to The United States and historians had to focus on gender history outside of academia. Though it was the feminist movement that is attributed to the development of gender history, the field developed differently in different national settings. In the United States, gender history was developed in search of the roots of women’sShow MoreRelatedGender Norms : Women And Their Plight Throughout History982 Words   |  4 PagesWomen s studies is an interdisciplinary study that revolves around women and their plight throughout history. One of the main focuses of women s studies is to perceive how a woman is seen in society according to their culture, race, and class. All these even though they don’t seem like much shape how a woman and men alike act at home or out in public. Gender norms are a very complex idea regarding on how both male and females should act according to the standard in their culture and our societyRead MoreThe Female Combat Pilots Of The Soviet Union s Air Force During World War II Essay1664 Words   |  7 PagesReina Pennington meets the w ar on the eastern front at an intersection of women s history, military history, and Soviet social history. Wings, Women, and War is the first scholarly survey of this topic, and it covers these units formation, training, performance, and post-war demobilization. The book s foreword author, eastern front historian John Erikson called it a behavioral, institutional, and operational study of women pilots throughout the Second World War. Though at some points PenningtonRead MoreAmerican History : The Eyes Of A Woman1171 Words   |  5 Pagesthought of how gender shapes our world today, let alone early America. In high school history classes, the history we studied always seemed to revolve around men and women were never really discussed. I had the notion that women just took a back seat throughout history, when in reality, they played an integral part in shaping early America. The role of gender transformed our country throughout the centuries. When we place women at the cent er of our analysis of early America, we see history from a fullerRead MoreThe Development Of The Fisheries And Tourism On The Monterey Coast Essay1312 Words   |  6 Pagessocial and environmental histories that together transformed Monterey through time.† Thus the central contribution of Chiang’s book is illuminating the intersection of social and environmental history from the perspective of an environmental history. The environmental story deals with the fisheries, canneries, and eventual aquarium celebrating the environment and Monterey’s past. Central to the social story are the conflicts and interactions between people of different gender, class, race, and ethnicityRead MoreAnalyzing Kessler-Harris and Scotts Views on Gender Issues1360 Words   |  5 PagesKessler Harris and Scott on Gender Issues Abstract Drawing on Joan Scotts Gender: A Useful Category of Historical Analysis and on Alice Kessler-Harriss Just price, Free Market and the Value of Women, the following questions will be answered, How has the equality of women and men been expressed according to both Scott and Kessler-Harris? Why gender has become a useful category of historical analysis for historians? How different (other) historians view gender? What are Kessler-HarrissRead MoreGender, Gender And Gender Centrality Essay854 Words   |  4 PagesBW116 (age 53) states, â€Å"I have parents and ancestors identified as members of the Black race.† The focus on physical features may be indicative of the limited salience or awareness of other nuances of identity for this group of Black women. Cluster naming and meaning. Cluster analysis procedures concluded with the labeling and interpretation of each cluster. For the current study, clusters were labeled and interpreted not only based on women’s demographics and identity centrality scores, but alsoRead MoreGender Roles And Gender Inequality1262 Words   |  6 PagesThroughout history, there has always been the role of both the male and the female in society. As time passed and civilization progressed, the question of the role of the women has also changed. Men and women in society have had many differences, which included things such as gender roles, gender inequality, inequality in the workforce, and sex discrimination. Also, the questions of what it takes to be a man or to be a woman is very important. For many different cultures, gender differences are extremelyRead MoreFeminism1121 Words   |  5 PagesFeminist Theory is an outgrowth of the general movement to empower women worldwide. Feminism can be defined as a recognition and critique of male supremacy combined with efforts to change it. Feminism The goals of feminism are: To demonstrate the importance of women To reveal that historically women have been subordinate to men To bring about gender equity. Feminism Simply put: Feminists fight for the equality of women and argue that women should share equally in society’s opportunities and scare resourcesRead MoreGender Discrimination in the Workplace765 Words   |  4 Pages Gender discrimination can cover a wide variety of social prejudice. Throughout much of world history, even American history women have been treated as second class citizens. In the United States women have had to fight for rights such as the right to vote, or own land. These are just a few examples of the many injustices that women have had to face. Men have held the position of leadership, and power throughout history when it comes to almost everything. Men would even decide to whom a womenRead MoreThe Role Of Gender Roles In The Elizabethan Era1075 Words   |  5 Pagesstereotypical topic of gender roles in early history is the definition of the Elizabethan Era. Since the beginning of time females has been ranked below all male figures in status as well as a work force. Furthermore, the men were known to be the breadwinners for the family whereas the women were meant to stay at home housewife (Sharnette). Throughout history this storetype has evolved, but an average day for a male and female during the Elizabethan Era is rather contrasting. With women having little to

Thursday, May 14, 2020

The Human Rights Of Water And Investment Law - 962 Words

Given these difficulties, it is understandable why previous tribunals in have been reluctant to analyse the relationship between the human rights to water and investment law as a normative conflict, and have instead insisted that the obligations under each norm were not mutually exclusive. However, it is possible for a human rights norm to prevail, as shown by the tribunals in SPP and Chemtura. The respondent government in water grab case should argue BITs should not be interpreted so that a government is made to ignore its human rights obligations once it has entered into a concession with a foreign investor, and as there is no alternative but to reallocate water rights following a water grab, the investment protection norm and right to water are contradictory, and one must prevail. 4.2.2 Interpretation tool Professor Vià ±uales classifies the second approach of tribunals applying human rights law as ‘a tool of interpretation.’ Another way a respondent can argue for the consideration of a human rights norm would be by interpreting investment norms in a way that excludes from the scope of their breach measures aimed at upholding human rights. Article 31(3)(c) of the Vienna Convention on the Law of the Treaties holds that tribunals must interpret treaty obligations in light of relevant rules of international law applicable in the relations between the parties. The tribunal must situate the rules that are being invoked by those concerned in the context of other rules thatShow MoreRelatedThe State Of Emergency958 Words   |  4 PagesIt would be important for the government to underline that it had not contributed to the state of emergency. In the case of a contract that gives unrestricted access to water, or a permit that allows the extraction of water to such a level that amounts to a water grab, it could be argued by the claimant that the government contributed to the emergency. Indeed, the case of Gabcikovo-Nagymaros Project demonstrates the difficulty of proving that the state did not contribute to the emergency, when theRead MoreWater Is The Most Important Natural Source1255 Words   |  6 Pages1.0 Introduction Water is the most important natural source. There has been activism all over the world to attain governed pricing mechanisms and market transactions due to its mobility and centrality to sustenance of human life. The physical, conceptual, and social plasticity aspects of water as a resource create uncertainty with regard to handling and thus posing critical questions in response to use and management. In the last three-four decades, world’s economic institutions such as World BankRead MoreViolating Its Investment Treaty Obligations942 Words   |  4 PagesIn order to satisfy the necessity requirements, the responding government must demonstrate that violating its investment treaty obligations â€Å"is the only way for the State to safeguard an essential interest against a grave and imminent peril.† Moreover, the breach must not â€Å"seriously impair an essential interest of the State towards which the obligations exists†. In LGE, the tribunal determined that â€Å"economic, financial or those interests related to the protection of the State against any dangerRead MoreThe Clean Power Of The Dominican Republic1524 Words   |  7 PagesThey also plan to build a school to help with overcrowding and to promote corporate social responsibility with the locals. Furthermore, as part of the sales agreement, the seller, Teltac Corporation, has agreed to put in roads , septic systems, and water lines. Teltac, has also informed Clean Power that there should be no problems running these sewer lines directly into the river as the Chavon River is clean and large and can absorb the waste. People in the new community feel that this is cause forRead MoreWater Is The Most Important Natural Source955 Words   |  4 PagesWater is the most important natural source. There has been activism all over the world to attain governed pricing mechanisms and market transactions due to its mobility and centrality to sustenance of human life. The physical, conceptual, and social plasticity aspects of water as a resource create uncertainty with regard to handling and thus posing critical questions in response to use and management. In the last three-four decades, global economic institutions such as the World Bank and InternationalRead MoreWhy Do Chief Executive Officers?1034 Words   |  5 Pagescorporate social responsibility causes conflict between shareholders and stakeholders. Companies must be accountable when their actions adversely affect society. While shareholders provide investment funding to corporations, according to Robert C. Hinkley (2002) corporations cannot make profit at the expense of human rights, the environment, public safety, or employee dignity. By creating a balance between investor responsibility and social responsibility will prove profitable for the corporations andRead MoreA Brief Note On The 21st Century Wars Will Be Fought Over Water Resources1430 Words   |  6 Pageswill be fought over water resources not oil. First, it will analyse the substantial causes of water scarcity as a result of man-made causes, the impact of climate change and the consequences of water misman agement, and evaluate international water law. Then it will evaluate triggers to stress disputes into water war. Finally, this essay will offer concluding thoughts and suggestions for further research. First and foremost; the main causes of water scarcity are made by humans. It will consider factorsRead MoreThe Environmental Quality Act Of California State Laws And Public Policy Essay1335 Words   |  6 Pagescould the law and public policy be used to minimize the negative impact(s) of Sample Drought Executive Order 2016? Explain, giving one example of a type of law or public policy. Ans 1. The Drought Executive Order 2016 could have negative impact on the people and the economy. Exemption of agriculturists from order may create a situation of stress between the urban residents and the people in agriculture. The Order can also decline the credibility and the effectiveness of California State Laws. To minimizeRead MoreOpenness And Foreign Direct Investment1446 Words   |  6 PagesOpenness to foreign direct investment. According to The World Bank (n.d.), â€Å"Foreign direct investment is a category of cross-border investment associated with a resident in one economy having control or a significant degree of influence on the management of an enterprise that is resident in another economy.† In 2014, the flows of FDI into Qatar reached more than USD 1,040 million See Fig. 1 (â€Å"Qatar Foreign Investment,† 2016). Qatar is exceptionally open to FDI, as its objective is to become a world-classRead MoreOrganizational Implications Of Virtual Teams780 Wor ds   |  4 Pagesteam will have the person form different departments to support those functions. Individual team members can have dual reporting to functional or project manager. Human resource Policies: Organizations has to be changes their rules and policies according to the virtual team environment. Organizations should institutionalized effective human resource policies to support virtual teams. Training and development: Organization need to design special training sessions for virtual team members to operate

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

An Analysis of the Populist and Progressive Era - 1663 Words

In the words of Thomas Jefferson, â€Å"A wise and frugal Government, which shall restrain men from injuring one another, which shall leave them otherwise free to regulate their own pursuits of industry and improvement, and shall not take from the mouth of labor the bread it has earned. This is the sum of good government, and this is necessary to close the circlue of our felicities.† (Jefferson, 1801) This idea echoed far beyond it’s time and into the minds and hearts of the Populist’s, and became the center and the driving force of the Progressive era. During the gilded age railroads were being built, Industrialization was rising, the population of United States was increasing dramatically; and corporate businesses were becoming extremely†¦show more content†¦(Foner, 2010, pp. 680-681) As the Populist Party increased in size, Populist organized a convention which is creditably known as the Populist Platform or Omaha Convention The Omaha Convention which took place in Omaha, Nebraska in 1892. According to Eric Foner, â€Å" The platform put forth a long list of proposals†¦direct election of U.S. senators, government control of the currency, a graduated tax income, system of low-cost public financing to enable farmers to market their crops, and recognition of the right of workers to form labor union.† (Foner, 2010, p. 682) Although many farmers joined this cause, it was primarily farmers, and with the major population of United States consisting of industrial workers plans didn’t go far. Some Populists tried to gain more members by trying to unite black and white farmers as one but because of the racism between southern farmers, the alliance in the southern areas would not allow blacks from partaking in meetings. So Populist tried to join forces with factory workers by engaging and supporting the worker rights, but industrial workers didn’t appeal to the Populists ideology, though both fought against large corporations their political standpoint was different. Farmers wanted low tariff prices and higher priced agricultural resourcesShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of The Gilded Age And Progressive Era1108 Words   |  5 PagesAnalysis of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era Throughout the history of time, people named certain time periods based on the events that occurred. People considered the time from the 1890s to 1916 as a shift of the Gilded Age and the Progressive Era when many things changed dramatically. The â€Å"Gilded Age† was the time of innovation, invention, and rapid growth, but the presence of monopolies sprouted everywhere in American’s economy and led to social inequalities. Then the Progressive Era respondedRead More History Essay2625 Words   |  11 Pagesthe fleeting remnants of an ever fading past. It is impossible, however, for a historian to fully accomplish either one of these necessities of research. The present remains an integral part of his perspective causing a distinctive slant in the analysis; evidence of the past can remain hidden or be entirely lost in the strides of time. These limitations of individual historians’ conceptions of the past necessitate the study of history to be an accumulation o f different theories throughout the agesRead MoreThe United States And The Euro Area1410 Words   |  6 Pageslargest economies in the world. This paper is a brief comparison of the central banking systems of the two economies. The paper starts by introducing historical background for the two central banking systems to be established. It then continues to analysis similarities and differences between two central bank system’s organizational structures. Moreover, the paper will also compare monetary policy frameworks of the two systems in terms of monetary policy making organization, objective, transparencyRead MoreEssay about History: World War I and Bold Experiments7600 Words   |  31 PagesBold Experiments in an Era of ­Industrialization, ­1877–1929 This part covers the following chapters in Henretta et al., America’s History, Seventh Edition: Chapter ­17 ­ The Busy Hive: Industrial America at Work, 1877–1911 Chapter 18 The Victorians Meet the Modern, 1880–1917 Chapter 19 â€Å"Civilization’s Inferno†: The Rise and Reform of Industrial Cities, 1880 –1917 Chapter 20 Whose Government? Politics, Populists, and Progressives, 1880 –1917 Chapter 21 An Emerging World Power, 1877–1918 Chapter 22 WrestlingRead More Industrialization and Immigration Essay2267 Words   |  10 Pagesnation attracted immigrants worldwide. As free land and free labor disappeared and as capitalists dominated the economy, dramatic social, political, and economic tensions were created. Religion, labor, and race relations were questioned; populist and progressive thoughts were developed; social Darwinism and nativism movements were launched. The influx of immigrants created availability for cheap labor, which in turn led to corrupt business practices, urban political machines, and white slaveryRead MoreAmerican Revolution and Study Guide Essay example5377 Words   |  22 PagesJames Madison assumption excise tax cabinet Jay’s Treaty Whiskey Rebellion Farewell Address Judiciary Act 1789 John Jay implied Powers nullification National Bank Shays Rebellion XYZ Affair Chapter 11 Study Guide The Jeffersonian Era (1800-1812) 1. Identify the information surrounding the Marbury v. Madison case. Then speculate the implications that resulted from its final decision (10pts) 2. Asses the validity that the election of 1800 was a revolution comparable to that ofRead MoreEssay on Journalistic Standards in the Matt Drudge Era4464 Words   |  18 PagesJournalistic Standards in the Matt Drudge Era Introduction Public trust is at the heart of journalism. Such trust is built upon the credibility journalistic efforts. In the past, though mistakes have been made by even the most reputable of news providers, credibility was maintained and public trust in the journalist industry was steady. However, with the Internet taking its first infant steps into the reporting world, concern is being vocalized that public trust in journalism will be damagedRead MoreBoyer Dbq Teacher Guide10764 Words   |  44 PagesProtest Cartoon—Students should be able to explain some of the provisions of the Stamp Act and why it angered colonists. Clearly relates to the economic aspect of the question. Perhaps students will comment on the use of effigies in the protests of the era. E-- Students should be able to analyze how the Sons of Liberty list relates to social class since the occupations listed would put most members in the middle rank of the society at that time—neither among the colony’s leaders nor among its workingRead MoreHistory of Management Thought Revision17812 Words   |  72 PagesPart Two The Scientific Management Era The purpose of Part Two is to begin with the work of Frederick W. Taylor and trace developments in management thought in Great Britain, Europe, Japan, and the U.S.A. up to about 1929. Taylor is the focal point, but we will see his followers as well as developments in personnel management and the behavioral sciences. Henri Fayol and Max Weber will be discussed, although their main influence came later, and we will conclude with an overview of the influenceRead MoreOrganisational Theory230255 Words   |  922 Pagestheory focuses attention on the human issues in organization ‘There is nothing so practical as a good theory’ How Roethlisberger developed a ‘practical’ organization theory Column 1: The core contributing social sciences Column 2: The techniques for analysis Column 3: The neo-modernist perspective Column 4: Contributions to business and management Four combinations of science, scientific technique and the neo-modernist approach reach different p arts of the organization Level 1: Developing the organization

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Time- Saving Technologies free essay sample

TimeThe more timesaving inventions we own, the less time we have In my essay I tried to focus on the problems of utilization of leisure time. There is no doubt that our world is constantly changing. Nowadays, modern technologies take up very important place in our lives. â€Å"The last couple of decades have witnessed a formidable growth of various time-saving technologies, ranging from advanced multi-level time managers to e-mail, voicemail, mobile telephones and word processors; and yet millions of us have never had so little time to spare as now. It may seem as if we are unwittingly being enslaved by the very technology that promised liberation. Changes which ostensibly boost efficiency and creativity may in fact do the exact opposite. † (Eriksen, Thomas Hylland. Tyranny of the moment. London: Pluto Press, 2001) Despite the fact that we have thanks to modern technologies access to a large array of information, that all of the generations before us could certainly envied us, still we are not wiser, but more confused. It does not mean that the more we know, the more we understand the world and the things around us. We have only more options than the previous generations. The aim of this work is not to find the arguments, why take a stand against progress and information society, but it is also important to understand its unintended consequences. 2. History Nowadays, there are many writings, referring to this issue. Thus, to what extent perfect instruments we have, and how much less we manifest our own effort in searching of new information, we will cease to develop our own ideas, and we become the only beings consuming foreign opinion. As Eriksen claims, in our society, everything is running at high speed, but only a few things are actually moving forward. A lot of new things wait for us every day and we have to deal with them. The company is becoming more consumerist; because it just takes the information published anywhere. Thanks to the commonness and the system of modern technologies, only a few people consider about their actual content. In order to move on, we have to recall the basic historical context. As I have described above, the problem of our society is particularly its general acceleration. As remind Eriksen, this is connected with the invention of the telegraph and the steam engine. As well as these inventions affect the life of the inhabitants at the time of its expansion, resources to help you work affect life in the present time. People, who work in the field of information technologies and are directly affected by this progress, live in constant haste and with a sense that their working hours are overcrowded and the time scrappy. The pace is so high that, in many cases, it affects family life. Another example is the invention of the typewriter, whose original meaning was only facilitating the writing strongly visually impaired people. Yet his discovery increases the number of texts, which publishing became simpler. Once again, however, this is a type of progress, which leads society to a further and even greater acceleration. To get nearer in the past, we discover the age of computers. For a few years has spread to nearly every office, some people even had the opportunity to have it at home. Ten years later, it was also a rapid expansion of the internet. In the last twenty years, the Czech Republic has been also changed in almost all areas. Also interest in modern technologies grew up. In the last two decades, the internet became one of the most widely used means of communication between humans. â€Å"Between 2005- 2009, in the Czech Republic almost doubled the number of its users (32% in 2005 and 60% in 2009). The number of users increased throughout the European Union (65% in 2009). Email has been in the last 5 years the most popular form of communication on the internet. In 2005, through her to interact with 84% of users, with a growing number of Internet users has been growing the number of email users (in 2009 it is send 91% of Internet users, 88% of the EU total). The United States, Canada and the Scandinavian countries rank among the countries with the highest proportion of users. And the availability of information from any place of the globe is one of the cognitive characters of the information society. †(Eurostat, Community survey on ICT usage in households and by individuals, 2010) 3. The power of information technologies Information technologies and technologies are very important in all types of production. Lets imagine. One day, we would be separated from all the inventions of the last few decades. Lets have a think about what would happen if all the computers in the world stopped working. It would be a huge problem in hospitals, airports, we ourselves could feel it extensively in daily life. The fact that we are totally dependent on modern technologies is indisputable. When we talk about the information society, it should be mentioned how this society affects in many ways so many people who are in it. In the introduction I have already mentioned that in our surrounding is a vast amount of information with which we must cope every day. We are not suffering from â€Å"hunger for information†, rather the contrary. We have so much of information, and what is the most difficult, the ability to choose the ones that are really important. How easily distinguish the information relevant from the irrelevant, the useful from the useless. 4. Fast- moving times Despite the fact that day of each of us has 24 hours, only a few of us use his free time truly effectively. Here we can see the side effects of modern technologies. As Eriksen says, the generation of our parents grew up with a few television programs, but the television today is thanks to the diversity of channels completely different. Not really at the end of the last century no one could have argued that the most active users of mobile phones will be in a few years’ young people. We have unlimited possibilities, so many ways how to be informed. The problem remains that the information published on the Internet make extremely dense and unclear networkâ€Å", which is constantly growing. The unintended consequence of this system is the fact that the more diverse articles about everything are available to us, the less we understand the true nature of each problem. As Eriksen proclaims, if there were fewer articles, we had more time for each and we could become real experts on the issue. It is possible to think quickly, but some of the ideas may arise only when you are ruminating with slowness. Slow time is not the same as a lot of the time. Read and understand moderately long poem will not take more than a couple of minutes, but you need to do it slowly. It is a problem of todays hurried time. We are coming back to the introductory sentence of this paragraph, which draws attention to the possibilities of utilization of time. How we can ideally spread that 24 hours. As evidence the scientific researches, most of us use only a fraction of their time effectively. That divides people into successful and unsuccessful. The better use of our time means that we are more productive and our work is more efficient. 5. Work efficiency „Effectiveness  is the capability of producing a desired result. When something is deemed effective, it means it has an intended or expected outcome, or produces a deep, vivid impression. â€Å" http://en. wikipedia. org It is time for the question. Does life in the information society with highly developed technologies truly brings the work efficiency. In my opinion, modern technologies are extremely important, and in many aspects make work easier, but sometimes ironically lead to the phenomenon when the technology of efficiency is against his original intention. For clarification, the invention of the mobile phone saves us undoubtedly a lot of time. In other words, it ensures flexibility and control. Unfortunately, and it reminds Eriksen, this type of flexibility, which raises the expectation that everybody can be reached anytime and anywhere. As Eriksen says, as long as is a few callers, the technique works as a great helper, saving time and labor. But in time when the number of callers exceeds a fixed threshold, the result is opposite. Conclusion â€Å"It has been computed by some political arithmetician that if every man and woman would work for four hours each day on something useful, that labour would produce sufficient to procure all the necessaries and comforts of life †¦ and the rest of the 24 hours might be leisure and happiness. † http://blogs. reuters. com Benjamin Franklin dreamed about technological progress in 18th century, he believed in humanity progress, but he was mistaken. Despite the fact that the human race makes great headway in technologies, we work more and more and we have less free time. Our imagination of real values, real liberty, is mainly connected with money and success. Thomas N. Carver asks the question: â€Å"Is it better to give priority to increasing prosperity, or leisure time? † In my opinion, many people share belief that the first variant is better. Many people prefer make money at the expanse of their free time. And if they decided to spend their leisure time, they often only watch television to the exclusion of improves own personality. Nowadays, we have access to a large array of information, but we have because of ubiquitous technologies problems to find enough time to deal with them. There are again the unintended consequences of modern technologies. Computer may save our time, work; but very important condition for success is the continuous concentration on things we want. Refuse to be distracted by the technologies and things around us. To sum it up, the timesaving inventions facilitate our work, but it is often to the exclusion of our time. Seznam zdroju: pripojim pozdeji 🙂